CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC and THC are all forms of cannabinoids that can be found in various hemp plants. Since the Farmers Act of 2018, we have been blessed with a wide range of products like tinctures, oils and flowers containing these compounds.
The most well-known are CBD and THC as these are the two main cannabinoids found in marijuana plants. Although the Farmer’s Act of 2018 only federally legalized sales and usage of CBD, CBN, CBC and CBG.
To understand the differences in these cannabinoids is understanding their usage and benefits.
CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid found in hemp plants and the second most abundant found in marijuana plants. CBD is recognized to help ease pain relief and inflammation. CBD does not give you a “high” making it an ideal solution for wellness and medicinal purposes. Even though CBD is federally legalized it is not regulated by the FDA.
- Common Aches and Pains: helpful with minor/common aches and pains like sports injuries and bruises
- Chronic Pain: CBD can help fight against chronic pain by interacting with your brain.
- Anti-Inflammatory: CBD can help against inflammation in patients with arthritis
- Anxiety and Panic Disorders: CBD has been reported to help fight against Anxiety and Panic Disorders
- Nausea and Vomiting: CBD and other cannabinoids are known to be helpful to reduce nausea. Helpful for those undergoing chemotherapy.
- Some Skin Conditions: CBD has also been recognized in clearing skin in certain conditions like rashes and eczema
CBN is a downgrade of THC as it’s formed when THC disintegrates through age or too much exposure to heat or oxygen. Although it is formed through THC it’s potency is about 25% of it’s THC counterpart. CBN is unlikely to cause a high but is known to have subtle psychoactive effects which can help it’s users.
- Anti-Inflammatory: CBN works well with CBD to work as an anti-inflammatory medicine per it’s chemical analysis.
- Immunosuppressant: CBN can help your immune system per its chemical analysis.
- Pain-Relief: CBN works well with CBD to decrease pain levels by relaxing muscles. Some studies are looking at chronic pain conditions such as arthritis and fibromyalgia.
- Bone Growth (unconfirmed): One study is looking into whether CBN plays a role in helping reverse bone-loss in osteoporosis patients.
CBGA (cannabigerolic acid) is the first cannabinoid state and the precursor to all the cannabinoids mentioned in this article. CBG is a later form of CBGA and shares the closest resemblance to its former state. CBG is a more rare than other cannabinoids so it also tends to be more expensive. Studies indicate that CBG interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our endocannabinoid system. This can help moods, motivation, appetite and sleep.
- Muscle Relaxation: CBG is a great muscle relaxer.
- Anxiety and Depression: CBG is believed to help fight anxiety and depression by blocking serotonin receptors and reducing your GABA uptake.
- Neuroprotective: CBG has helped people with severe neurological disorders and diseases, like Huntington’s Disease.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Studies are showing CBG may help people with inflammatory diseases like IBD.
- Anti-Bacterial: CBG has been proven to be useful to fight against some bacterial infections like MRSA.
CBC (cannabichromene) is the third most abundant cannabinoid, behind THC and CBD, and is formed as CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) breaksdown. CBC does not get you high. Recreational users can look into the entourage effect, a theory that mixing cannabinoids together creates an accompanied effect.
Not many studies have been done on CBC but what we do know is it effects the CB1, CB2 TRPA1 and TRPV1 receptors. CBC is most noted for its great effects on the TRPA1 and TRPV1 receptors which are linked to our perception of pain, making CBC a great alternative to several painkillers without the side effects.
- Pain-Killer: CBC is a great alternative to several painkillers.
- Anti-Inflammatory: CBC is also said to be an anti-inflammatory.
- Pathophysiological Conditions: CBC studies are showing CBC can work to treat and aid several pathophysiological conditions like intestinal secretion, mucosal inflammation, visceral pain, and Intestinal cancer.
- Healthy Brain Function: Studies show CBC to be helpful in raising the viability of our NSPCs, which play a role in learning and memory.
- Anti-Depressant: Next to CBD and THC, CBC is reported to be an effective anti-depressant treatment.
This article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be used as medical advice. If you have a medical condition you should seek treatment from a doctor. Where you can discuss and create a treatment plan that’s suited for you.